Giant Enhancement of THz Wave Emission under Double-Pulse Excitation of Thin Water Flow

Giant Enhancement of THz Wave Emission under Double-Pulse Excitation of Thin Water Flow

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Published

  (School of Materials and Chemical Technology / Dr. Saulius Juodkazis)

“Giant Enhancement of THz Wave Emission under Double-Pulse Excitation of Thin Water Flow”

Appl. Sci. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/app10062031

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<Abstract>

Simultaneous measurements of THz wave and hard X-ray emission from thin and flat water flow when irradiated by double femtosecond laser pulses (800 nm, 35 fs/transform-limited, 0.5 kHz, delay times up to 15 ns) were carried out. THz wave measurements by time-domain spectroscopy and X-ray detection by Geiger counters were performed at the transmission and the reflection sides of the flow. THz wave emission spectra show their dynamic peak shifts toward the low frequency with the highest intensity enhancements more than 1.5×103 times in |E| 2 accumulated over the whole spectrum range of 0–3 THz at the delay time of 4.7 ns between the two pulses. On the other hand, X-ray intensity enhancements are limited to about 20 times at 0 ns under the same experimental conditions. The mechanisms for the spectral changes and the intensity enhancements in THz wave emission are discussed from the viewpoint of laser ablation on the water flow induced by the pre-pulse irradiation.